Ofloxacin

Drug Status in USA : Approved
Drug Status in Canada : Approved

pronunciation

pronounced as (oh floks' a sin)

Why is this medication prescribed?

Ofloxacin is used to treat certain infections including bronchitis, pneumonia, and infections of the skin, bladder, urinary tract, reproductive organs, and prostate (a male reproductive gland). Ofloxacin is in a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.


How should this medicine be used?

Ofloxacin comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken with or without food twice a day for 3 days to 6 weeks. The length of treatment depends on the type of infection being treated. Your doctor will tell you how long to take ofloxacin. Take ofloxacin at around the same times every day and try to space your doses 12 hours apart. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take ofloxacin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

You should begin to feel better during the first few days of your treatment with ofloxacin. If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, call your doctor.

Take ofloxacin until you finish the prescription, even if you feel better. Do not stop taking ofloxacin without talking to your doctor unless you experience certain serious side effects that are listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING and SIDE EFFECT sections. If you stop taking ofloxacin too soon or if you skip doses, your infection may not be completely treated and the bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics.


What are the precautions to be followed?

Before taking ofloxacin,
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic or have had a severe reaction to ofloxacin; other quinolone or fluoroquinolone antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), gatifloxacin (Tequin) (not available in the United States), gemifloxacin (Factive), Levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin) (not available in the United States), moxifloxacin (Avelox), nalidixic acid (NegGram), norfloxacin (Noroxin), and sparfloxacin (Zagam) (not available in the United States); or any other medications.
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention the medications listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING section and any of the following: other antibiotics; anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven); certain antidepressants; antipsychotics (medications to treat mental illness); cimetidine (Tagamet); cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune); diuretics ('water pills'); insulin and oral medications for diabetes such as glyburide (DiaBeta, in Glucovance, Micronase, others); certain medications for irregular heartbeat such as amiodarone (Cordarone), quinidine, procainamide (Procanbid), and sotalol (Betapace, Betapace AF, Sorine); nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn, others); probenecid (in Col-Probenecid, Probalan); and theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24, Uniphyl, others). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
  • if you are taking antacids containing aluminum, calcium, or magnesium (Maalox, Mylanta, Tums, others); didanosine (Videx); sucralfate (Carafate); or supplements or multivitamins containing iron or zinc, take ofloxacin 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take these medications.
  • tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has or has ever had a prolonged QT interval (a rare heart problem that may cause irregular heartbeat, fainting, or sudden death) or an irregular heartbeat and if you have or have ever had nerve problems, seizures, a slow heartbeat, a low level of potassium in your blood, chest pain, cerebral arteriosclerosis (narrowing of blood vessels in or near the brain that can lead to stroke or mini-stroke), or liver disease.
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while taking ofloxacin, call your doctor.
  • you should know that this medication may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and tiredness. Do not drive a car, operate machinery, or participate in activities requiring alertness or coordination until you know how ofloxacin affects you.
  • plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet light (tanning beds and sunlamps) and to wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Ofloxacin may make your skin sensitive to sunlight or ultraviolet light. If your skin becomes reddened, swollen, or blistered, call your doctor.

What are possible side effects of this medication ?

Ofloxacin may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • gas
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain or cramps
  • change in ability to taste food
  • loss of appetite
  • dry mouth
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • excessive tiredness
  • pain, swelling, or itching of the vagina
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately, but do not stop taking ofloxacin without talking to your doctor:
  • severe diarrhea (watery or bloody stools) that may occur with or without fever and stomach cramps (may occur up to 2 months or more after your treatment)
  • confusion
  • hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist)
  • nightmares
  • difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
  • depression
  • thoughts about killing or harming yourself
  • anxiety
  • not trusting others or feeling that others want to harm you
  • restlessness
  • vision changes
If you experience any of the following symptoms, or the symptoms of tendinitis or tendon rupture described in the IMPORTANT WARNING section, stop taking ofloxacin and call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical help:
  • rash
  • hives
  • itching
  • peeling or blistering of the skin
  • fever
  • swelling of the eyes, face, mouth, lips, tongue, throat, hands, feet, ankles or lower legs
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • fast heartbeat
  • fainting
  • loss of consciousness
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • dark urine
  • decreased urination
  • seizures
  • unusual bruising or bleeding
  • joint or muscle pain

Ofloxacin may cause problems with bones, joints, and tissues around joints in children. Ofloxacin should not be given to children younger than 18 years of age.

Ofloxacin may cause nerve damage that may not go away even after you stop taking ofloxacin. This damage may occur soon after you begin taking ofloxacin. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately: numbness, tingling, pain, or burning in the arms or legs; or a change in your ability to feel light touch, pain, heat, or cold. If you experience these symptoms, do not take any more ofloxacin until you talk to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe a different antibiotic for you to take instead of ofloxacin.

Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking ofloxacin or giving ofloxacin to your child.

Ofloxacin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.


How to store the medication and dispose it of after its use later?

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.


Drug Category/Class

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
  • Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Quinolones
  • Antibacterials for Systemic Use
  • Antiinfectives for Systemic Use
  • Antiinfectives
  • Quinolone Antibacterials
  • Quinolone and Quinoxaline Antibacterials
  • Otologicals
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-45
Prescribed For the treatment of infections (respiratory tract, kidney, skin, soft tissue, UTI), urethral and cervical gonorrhoea.
Weight :361.3675
Structure Ofloxacin
Generic Drug Ofloxacin prescribed For the treatment of infections (respiratory tract, kidney, skin, soft tissue, UTI), urethral and cervical gonorrhoea.
Formula

C18H20FN3O4

Ofloxacin has 1834 Brands listed


Search Generic Drugs alphabetically